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Random Week: Rakali (Hydromys chrysogaster)

Posted on Jul 25, 2012 by in Rodents, Theme Weeks | 8 comments

Hydromys chrysogaster

Number 0412

Today’s lottery winner, picked by random.org, is the water rat or rakali, an interesting rodent from Australia. The rakali is one of Australia’s two amphibious mammals, the other being the platypus, and in fact, people often think they’re watching a platypus when they’re really looking at a rakali. Both animals live in burrows dug into the banks of rivers, lakes, irrigation ditches, ponds, and so forth. Sometimes they’ll even live in the same burrow, though not at the same time. In some ways, the two species compete, but the rakali has more options for food because it has a snout and teeth, not a bill. (The rakali’s favorite meals include frogs, fish, crustaceans, mice, and eggs.) Rakali are about a foot long, not counting their tail, which adds about another foot.

My book Furred Animals of Australia by Ellis Troughton, which was published in 1947, says that rakali are particularly interesting “because their remarkable adaptation for aquatic life has evolved almost entirely within Australia, thus providing not only a unique example of rodent specialization, but also definite proof of an ancient rodent invasion of the continent.” (Of course, in the 65 years since, this may have been disproven.) Some of the rakali’s aquatic adaptations include its streamlined head and webbed feet. It doesn’t, however, have water-resistant fur, unlike the platypus, and so it can get pretty cold when it swims in the winter.

The word rakali is an indigenous name that was adopted in the 1990s as part of an effort to give Australia’s native animals native names. Previously, it was known as a water rat or a yellow-bellied water rat, which sounds like a folksy insult from the old west.

In Australia, all native animals, including the rakali, are legally protected. Speaking of such protections, Troughton writes, “In these ways alone can survival be assured for many of the ancient inhabitants of the Australian continent. Such measures of protection will be appreciated by all true naturalists as indicating a new hope for the future of the fauna.”

Coco drew a rakali, too! She is so good.

rakali, Hydromys chrysogaster

Rakali by Coco, age 13 (click image to enlarge)

8 Comments

  1. The rakali has always been one of my favorite rodents, especially since I read a poem written about it in this book that made it into a total woobie for me. (The poem was told from the point of view of a rakali who talked about how, while other Australian mammals were well-loved, its species had been discriminated against by humans due to being known as a “rat”.)

  2. Jennifer and Coco both gave us beautiful tributes to this fascinating creature! Thanks for the sweet drawings, and for the great write-up about the rakali, Jennifer!

  3. Thanks, Ted, and you’re welcome!

    Albertonykus, I had never heard of the rakali before doing this post, but it’s one of my favorites now, too. That looks like a great book. I like the title. (And I had to look up “woobie”!) Did you read Coco’s post about rats and discrimination?

  4. Hi mama,
    I really love the smooth to rigid and rough look that this beautifully draw rodent has. It looks very mature! Love it!!
    So I have a question, is it related to the rat? And does it swim less in the winter because of the cold water?
    The daughter that loves you tons,
    Coco

  5. Thanks, Coco! Good questions. It is a rat—a water rat—so I think you’re asking if it’s related to the brown rat, Rattus norvegicus, right? They are both in the same family, Muridae, so they aren’t too distantly related. And yes! It does swim less in the winter because of the cold.

  6. Mom,
    That is what I’m asking sorry I wasn’t more clear.
    If I’m remembering this correctly then not many people keep brown rats as pets or is that the black rat? Well anyway, do people keep the water rat as pets anywhere?
    It does make sense to swim less it the winter! Thanks for answering my questions!
    Coco

  7. Coco, you are the rat expert, not me! I don’t think the water rat is commonly kept as a pet.

  8. nice drawings, you two Kinyak girls.

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